What is a systematic review?

A systematic review is a type of evidence synthesis.

Systematic reviews are among the more rigorous forms of evidence synthesis. In general, they:

Answer one (or more) carefully constructed question(s)

Are carried out by a team of librarians, methodologists, statisticians, subject matter experts and stakeholders

Use a clear, transparent and rigorous protocol for selecting, evaluating and extracting evidence

Consider the role of subjectivity and bias in their results

Involve stakeholders in the process